This book serves as a textbook for the Impact of Materials on Society (IMOS) course. The editors and authors wish to acknowledge the support of the University of Florida that made the creation of this textbook possible: especially the Center for the Humanities and the Public Sphere, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Creative Campus Catalyst Fund, Office of the Provost, George A. Smathers Libraries (especially Perry Collins and Laurie Taylor), University Press of Florida (especially Meredith Babb), and the College of Education. We would also like to acknowledge the Office of Corrosion within the Department of Defense, specifically Dan Dunmire and Greg Redick, for their support and guidance in developing the IMOS course. In addition, we would like to acknowledge the Materials Research Society (MRS) and the many MRS scientists who provided content and input when developing the course, and specifically Richard Souza for believing in the project and his constant encouragement. Finally, we wish to acknowledge the National Science Foundation for supporting the dissemination of the IMOS course and this textbook within the United States, as well as internationally.